604 - Study Guide

604 Module 1 Study Guide

604 Module 2 Study Guide

604 Module 3 Study Guide

604 Module 4 Study Guide

604 Module 5 Study Guide

DIM 604: DISASTER MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES

 

1. AIM OF COURSE

 

Although it is assumed that students will have some knowledge of Disaster Management, course DIM 604 aims to highlight and emphasise the most important factors that need attention for the implementation of Disaster Management.

 

2. WORKING PROCEDURES

 

As part of the distance education study, this course is made up of five Modules. For each module a study guide is given outlining:

 

• The aim for each module

• The objectives for each

• Any reading matter and sources to be consulted

• Assignments to be handed in where necessary.

 

Students must complete Module 1, before 2, and likewise 2 before attempting Module 3, etc.

 

Assignments must be submitted by the closing dates specified. All assignments must be submitted on E – Learn or as communicated in class.

 

3. SUGGESTED STUDY PROGRAMME

 

Students should be able to complete Course DIM 604 within an overall period of 150 hours, for study and research of suggested material.

The closing dates for submission of assignments are:

 

Module 1 –

Module 2 –            Assignment 604-1

 

Module 3 –

Module 4 –            Assignment 604-2

Module 5 –

 

4. ASSESSMENT

 

All the assignments together will count 40% towards the final mark. Assignment 1 contributes 40% of the total assignment mark and Assignment 2 contributes 40% of the total assignment mark.

 

During the June contact session students will write a formal exam, which will contribute 60% of your final mark for DIM 604.

 

To pass the course a sub-minimum of 40% must be obtained in the examination. To pass the completed course a combined average of at least 50% must be achieved.

 

DIM 604

MODULE 1: INTRODUCTION TO DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELEVANT LEGISLATION

 

1. AIM

 

To provide students with the historic and legislative background necessary for the effective implementation of disaster management.

 

2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

On completion of this module, participants should be able to:

 

2.1 Understand the historical development of Disaster Management in RSA.

2.2 Become fully aware of all legislation relevant to Disaster Management.

2.3 Understand the need for disaster management policy

2.4 Understand the key aspects of policy necessary for the effective application of Disaster Management.

2.5 Become aware of future developments in the legislative and related field.

 

3. WORKING PROCEDURE

 

There is no separate assignment for module 1 of DIM 604. However, students are encouraged and urged to read the required material as this will be referred to in subsequent modules. Students are also encouraged to research the history of the development of Disaster Management within their own countries.

In order to successfully complete the module the following working procedures will be followed:

3.1 To achieve the objectives 2.1 to 2.5, study the White Paper on Disaster Management and the Disaster Management Act, 2002 in full.

3.2 Read Chapters 1 to 3 of Living with Risk.

3.3 Visit websites, read books, newspapers, case studies and other

documents including related legislation to establish developments taking place in Southern Africa and internationally, which could influence existing policy and legislation in the disaster management

environment in your country.

3.4 Study the additional handouts made available at the contact sessions.

3.5 Read the report “Reducing Disaster Risk” at

http://www.undp.org/bcpr/disred/rdr.htm

3.6 Visit the website http://gridca.grid.unep.ch/undp/ to determine and view

your country’s disaster profile.

 

4. STUDY MATERIAL

 

4.1White Paper on Disaster Management (Government Gazette No. 19676, January 1999).

4.2Disaster Management Act, (Act 57 of 2002) as promulgated on 15 January 2003 (Government Notice No. 98, Government Gazette No. 24252).

4.3Living with Risk: A global review of disaster reduction initiatives at www.unisdr.org

 

DIM 604

MODULE 2: KEY FACTORS TO IMPLEMENT DISASTER MANAGEMENT

 

1. AIM

 

To enable students to understand core concepts relating to disasters and disaster risk; the key outputs necessary to effectively implement Disaster Management and disaster risk reduction and the relationship between disaster and development.

 

2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

On completion of this module, participants should be able to:

 

2.1 Conduct an assessment to develop a risk profile for a given area.

2.2 Understand key terms and core concepts relating to disaster risk

management

2.3 Identify and describe the key outputs necessary to ensure effective

implementation of disaster risk management

2.4 Discuss options for the correct placement of the disaster risk

management function to ensure that the intentions of the policy and

legislation are met

2.5 Discuss the relationship between disaster risk reduction and risk

management planning and development planning.

 

3. WORKING PROCEDURE

 

In order to successfully complete the assignment the following working procedures will be followed:

 

3.1 To achieve objective 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 and 2.5 study Chapters 1 to 3 of Living with Risk

3.2 The White Paper on Disaster Management and the Disaster Management Act, 2002 should also be studied in full to achieve objectives 2.3 and 2.4 and 2.5

3.3 Study other policy and legislation relevant to objective 2.5

3.4 Visit websites, read books, newspapers, case studies and other documents including related legislation to establish developments taking place in Southern Africa and internationally, which could influence the manner in which disaster management is applied in your

environment.

3.4 Study the additional handouts made available at the contact sessions.

3.5 Read and study Reducing Disaster Risk

3.6 Read and study Visions of Risks

3.7 Complete the Assignment at point 5 below.

 

4. STUDY MATERIAL

 

Compulsory Reading:

 

4.1 White Paper on Disaster Management (Government Gazette No. 19676, January 1999).

4.2 Disaster Management Act, (Act 57 of 2002) as promulgated on 15 January 2003 (Government Notice No. 98, Government Gazette No. 24252).

4.3 Living with Risk: A global review of disaster reduction initiatives at www.unisdr.org

4.4 Reducing Disaster Risk. http://www.undp.org/bcpr/disred/english/publications/rdr.htm

4.5 Various United Nations websites, eg http://hq.unhabitat.org/default.asp

http://www.un.org/ha/ http://www.disaster-recovery-guide.com/risk.htm

4.6 Study the additional handouts made available at the contact session

 

5. ASSIGNMENTS

 

Note: This assignment covers modules 1 and 2 of DIM 604.

 

5.1:

- Explain in your own words what Disaster Management means using the definition of the term as defined in the Disaster Management Act, Act 57 of 2002, South Africa.

- Make use of examples from the legislation in your own home country as well as from disasters which have occurred in your country.

- Make extensive use of reference materials to support your views.

[100 marks]

 

NOTE:

1. Assignment is not to be longer than 10 typed pages.

2. Usefonttype“Arial”.

3. Useoneandhalfparagraphspacing.

4. Ensurethat1.5cmspacingalongallboardersonthepage.

5. The 10 pages are calculated excluding the title page, Index and

bibliography.

 

All assignments must be submitted on E-Learn or as communicated in class under the appropriate Module Section.

 

DIM 604

MODULE 3: DISASTER MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES

 

1. AIM

 

The aim of this module is to gain insight into the principles steering the planning, controlling, coordinating, monitoring and implementing of Disaster management, covering all phases of the continuum.

 

2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

At the end of the module participants should be able to:

 

3.1. Understand and be able to apply the principles in their planning, monitoring and control of disasters, and disaster management as a whole.

3.2. Utilise the principles as a management tool to measure the level of efficiency of any implemented plan.

3.3. Align the application of principles with the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in particular for Disaster Response.

3.4. Discuss the statement “Disaster risks and vulnerabilities can be reduced through the application of sound management principles and practice”.

3.5. Understand principles that will give an indication of the direction government policy on disaster management is likely to take.

3.6. Understand international Humanitarian law and the application of such principle law.

3.7. Understand how armed conflict will influence the interpretation of ethics and principles.

3.8. Define the working environment that is ideal in order to facilitate the effective delivery of humanitarian assistance.

 

3. WORKING PROCEDURE

 

i) To achieve objective 3.1 to 3.8 study the Sphere handbook page 314- 322 and the UNHCR Handbook page 5-8. Read books, newspapers, and other open documents, and use your own observations of what is happening internationally and in Southern Africa that describe the forces and dynamics of the environment that influence the principles and provisions of humanitarian international law, international humanitarian law, refugee law and others that guide and govern humanitarian action and disaster management activities. Complete assignment 2.

ii) Read the compulsory books UNHCR page 5-8 and Sphere page 314 - 322 and websites and some of the other web sites to define how the principles, standards, indicators, and guidance notes of humanitarian role-players in Disaster Management may guide the application and / or development of principles and provisions in the disaster management environment. Complete assignment 2.

iii) Do an internal analysis to determine the extent to which your organisation, and governmental authorities apply principles and provisions in alignment with international best practice. Complete assignment 2.

iv) Read your prescribed material to guide you in defining the principles and provision goals. From the principles and provision goals develop an implementation plan to ensure that your organisation will develop strong principles and provisions that will sustain the strategic plan. Determined how you are going to monitor and control the principles and provisions of your organisation. Complete assignment 2.

v) Do web searches for reports on disaster ethics, norms and standards as they relate to disasters which have occurred.

 

4. STUDY MATERIAL

 

READ:

 

i) Compulsory reading to be done:

 

• Cuny, F. 1986. Principles of Disaster Management. http://pdm.medicine.wisc.edu/continuingeducation.html

• The South African Disaster Management Act, Act 57 of 2002 www.local.gov.za

• The Humanitarian Charter available at www.unhcr.org

• Read the report “Reducing Disaster Risk” at

http://www.undp.org/bcpr/disred/rdr.htm

• World Disaster Report 2003 http://www.ifrc.org/

• World Disaster Reports: IFRC Website

 

ii) For the interested Reader:

 

• Web pages of the United Nations Agencies which have a responsibility for Disaster Management and/ or Response such as UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, WFP, etc.

• The US Federal Emergency Management Agency Handbook available at www.fema.org

• http://www.unep.org/

 

DIM 604

MODULE 4: DISASTER MANAGEMENT ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS

 

1. AIM

 

The aim of this module is to gain insight at the ethics applicable in disaster management, the impact thereof on management in general and the importance of ethics in the workplace.

 

2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

On completion of the course you should be able to:

 

3.1. Discuss the five principles of ethical power. How can it be made applicable on the individual and the manager?

3.2. Integrate and apply these principles during all phases of disaster management i.e. prevention, mitigation, response, recovery and reconstruction.

3.3. Understand the Code of Conduct of the International Red Cross and apply those during disaster operations.

3.4. Arguments for why certain ethics are not applicable, define them, identify when is it not applicable; and discuss the impact of ethics.

3.5. Discuss the development of ethics.

 

3. WORKING PROCEDURE

 

To enable students to be able to complete the assignment the following working procedures have to be followed:

 

i) To achieve objective 2.1 to 2.5 study Blanchard in full.

ii) Read books, newspapers, and other open documents, and use your own observations of what is happening internationally and in Southern Africa

iii) Read some of the other web sites to define how the principles, standards, indicators, and guidance notes of humanitarian role-players in Disaster Management may guide the application and / or development of ethics in the disaster response environment.

iv) Do an internal analysis to determine the extend to which your organisation, and governmental authorities, apply ethical standards in alignment of international best practice.

v) Read your prescribed Handbook to guide you in defining the ethical goals. From the ethical goals develop an implementation plan to ensure that your organisation will develop strong ethical values and norms that will sustain the strategic plan. Determined how you are going to monitor and control the ethics of your organisation.

vi) Read your prescribed Handbook to guide you in defining the ethical goals. From the ethical goals develop an implementation plan to ensure that your organisation will develop strong ethical values and norms that will sustain the strategic plan. Determined how you are going to monitor and control the ethics of your organisation.

vii) Read relevant information at http://www.ifrc.org/publicat/index.asp

viii) Read relevant information at http://www.nr.no/~abie/RiskAnalysis.htm ix) Read relevant information at http://www.undp.org/bcpr/disred/documents/wedo/projectprofiles/habitat.pdf

 

4. STUDY MATERIAL

 

READ:

 

i) Compulsory reading to be done

• Read and study the United Nations Module:

• Disaster Management Ethics, on E - Learn

• Blanchard,K. and Peal, N.V. 1988. The Power of Ethical

Management

• Humanitarian Disaster and Minimum Standards in response,

Part 3, Chapter 5, Sphere Handbook: Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non Governmental Organisations in Disaster relief:

• SANS 31000:2009/ISO 31000:2009 – Obtainable from the South African Bureau of Standards http://www.sabs.co.za/

• SANS 31010:2010/IEC ISO 31010:2009– Obtainable from the South African Bureau of Standards http://www.sabs.co.za/

• ARP 070:2009/ISO Guide 73:2009– Obtainable from the South

African Bureau of Standards http://www.sabs.co.za/

• Societal Security – Guideline for Incident Preparedness and Operational Continuity Management – (IPOCM) – ARP22399:2008 (ISBN 978-0-626-21571-2) ISO/P AS 22399:2007 http://www.sabs.co.za/

 

ii) For the interested Reader:

 

• Web pages of the United Nations Agencies which have a responsibility for Disaster Management and/ or Response such as UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, WFP, etc. Also those of NGO’s and other disaster response agencies.

• The Humanitarian Charter available at www.unhcr.ch

• The US Federal Emergency Management Agency Handbook available at www.fema.org

 

DIM 604

MODULE 5: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

 

1. AIM

 

To enable students to recognise the importance of a well planned and documented resource database and the management of a database for the purposes of disaster management.

 

2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

On completion of this module, participants should be able to:

 

2.1 Understand the significance of an adequate database for the management of resources for disaster management activities

2.2 Identify relevant resources for the activities associated with disaster management.

2.2 Design a workable resource management system.

2.3 Implement a resource management programme.

 

3. WORKING PROCEDURE

 

In order to achieve objectives 2.1 to 2.4:

 

3.1 Read and study the United Nations Modules:

• Logistics, on the CD provided

• International Law of Disasters and Armed Conflict, available on the CD provided

3.2 Study the White Paper on Disaster Management (Government Gazette No. 19676, January 1999).

3.3 Study the Disaster Management Act, (Act 57 of 2002) as promulgated on 15 January 2003 (Government Notice No. 98, Government Gazette No. 24252).

3.4 Study the handouts made available at the contact session.

3.5 Visit websites, read books, newspapers, case studies and other documents including the websites of international organisations such as the United Nations, Red Cross and Red Crescent, USAID and FEMA

3.6 Complete the Assignment 5.

 

4. STUDY MATERIAL

 

READ:

 

4.1 White Paper on Disaster Management (Government Gazette No. 19676, January 1999).

4.2.1 Disaster Management Act, (Act 57 of 2002) as promulgated on 15 January 2003 (Government Notice No. 98, Government Gazette No. 24252).

4.3 Living with Risk: A global review of disaster reduction initiatives at www.unisdr.org

4.4 The Sphere Handbook.

4.5 Study the additional handouts made available at the contact session

 

5. ASSIGNMENT 604-2 (DIM604 Assignment 2 of 2)

 

Modules 3, 4 and 5:

 

5.1.1. “Standardisation is critical in both disaster risk reduction as well as post disaster recovery”

 

Discuss this statement in relation to the sphere, project, ethical standards and any other disaster management standards that would be applicable to the discussion.

 

Not longer than 5 typed pages.

                                                                             [50 Marks]

 

Modules 1 to 5:

 

5.1.2. Explain the relationships that exist between disaster management components and the following functions:

 

5.1.2.1.   Health Services

5.1.2.2.   Spatial Development

5.1.2.3.   Commerce and Industry

 

Not longer than 5 typed pages.

Submit this assignment not later than 15 March 2013.

All assignments must be submitted on E-Learn or as communicated in

class under the appropriate Module Section.

                                                                             [50 Marks]

 

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eLearning development by Teodora & Dusan SAKULSKI